Ph.D. Plant Pathology University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1977
B.S. Botany Oregon State University, 1973
Our research group studies aspects of epiphytic bacteria that live on healthy plants' surfaces, emphasizing bacteria active in ice nucleation, causing frost damage to plants. We also study plant pathogenic bacteria that inhabit plant surfaces before infection. We use molecular genetic and ecological approaches to study how epiphytic bacteria interact with other microorganisms on plants, and with the plants on which they live. We seek to better understand adaptations epiphytic bacteria have evolved to exploit this unique habitat.
Molecular and ecological studies of plant-associated bacteria.
Our research group has focused on the molecular microbial ecology of plant-associated bacteria. While relatively un-studied, microorganisms that live on plant surfaces are enormously important in that this habitat serves as a reservoir of microbes that can infect the plants on which they live, can injure plants by acting as catalysts for ice formation (ice nucleation activity), and by producing plant hormones that can alter the normal pattern of plant development. As model systems I have focused much of this effort on the plant pathogenic bacterium Pseudomonas syringae, and the saprophytic bacterium Erwinia herbicola (Pantoea agglomerans) on plant surfaces. These are two of the bacteria that are most commonly found on plants. They offer the opportunity to compare and contrast the growth and survival tactics employed by pathogenic and non-pathogenic bacteria on the surface of healthy plants.
More recently the lab is also addressing the endophytic growth of bacteria within plants. In these studies we are comparing the strategies used by P. syringae, a facultative pathogen of plants that can multiply within the intercellular spaces of plant tissues without causing disease symptoms with that of Xylella fastidiosa, an obligate colonist of xylem vessels. To address these questions my program has developed and applied a variety of molecular genetic tools for the study of these bacteria while in their natural habitats in and on plants. Our studies of plant-associated bacteria have revealed that the interactions between the bacteria and the plant are, in fact, strongly conditioned by bacterial traits that were a result of their interaction with each other. We now have several major projects that address a variety of cell density-dependent traits in bacteria that mediate their growth and survival in and on plants. This exciting new research area promises to provide a new perspective on the way we visualize plant-microbe interactions and to provide new strategies to manage the diseases caused by plant pathogenic bacteria.
Studies of the nature of leaf surfaces
To better understand those traits bacteria require for growth and survival on leaves we have done extensive work to address the nature of the "microhabitats" in which bacteria live on leaves. We have shown that measures of such factors as carbon source abundance on a leaf as a whole are not predictive of the environment of bacteria at the very small scales at which they live. To address this we have developed new tools for the study of the expression of bacterial genes while bacteria reside in natural habitats such as on leaves or in the soil. I have shown that bacterial ice nucleation genes have properties that make them excellent reporters of the transcriptional activity of other genes to which they are fused. I thus have advanced the application of "reporter genes" to the study of microbial ecology in natural habitats.
For example, by fusing environmentally-responsive promoters to ice nucleation or gfp reporter genes in bacteria to produce "biosensors" we can assess the response of individual bacteria to its local environment. This work has led us to make the descriptions of the actual concentration of important nutrients such as ferric iron, fructose, ammonium ions, nitrate, and sucrose on plants at the scale of individual bacterial cells. Our recent use of use of modified gfp reporter genes with altered stability in cells, in particular, has provided unprecedented insight into the world of microbes in natural habitats. We are finding that a given habitat such as a leaf or root is extraordinarily diverse in the number of sites where resources such as sugars are available as well as the amounts of such resources at a site. In essence we find that a given root or leaf harbors thousands of individual "universes" where bacteria live in isolation of other microbes and where they compete only locally with one another. It is through understanding of such small-scale spatial processes that we should be able to progress toward understanding how we can change the normal microbial communities on leaves to avoid plant pathogenic bacteria and ice nucleation active bacteria that can be harmful to plants. Clearly, patterns of competition and secondary metabolite production are much more complex than others had anticipated.
Ice formation in citrus leaf
Several other such studies on the nature of plant habitats at small scales are underway. These will continue to be a major focus of the lab in the near future since they should provide useful information to better understand the natural world at the very small scale in which cells live in natural habitats.
Genes expressed on plants and affecting plant interactions
We have measured the in planta expression of bacterial genes that we expect to be important in interactions with plants as well as by identifying genes that are expressed only when they are on plants. For example, we have successfully identified a novel biosynthetic pathway for IAA production in Erwinia herbicola and have cloned most of the genes involved in this biosynthetic pathway. The cloning of these genes has made it possible for us to produce appropriate gene fusions to determine the activity of these genes in bacterial cells while they are on leaves; this has led to exciting results indicating that bacteria are triggered to produce plant-modifying chemical such as IAA by chemical and physical triggers from the plant itself.
A major thrust in the lab has been to identify genes in P. syringae cells that are expressed only when they are on a plant. To accomplish this we have developed a novel promoter-trapping strategy we term Habitat Inducible Rescue of Survival (HIRS), by which genes active on plants are fused to a promoterless locus that rescues a conditionally lethal phenotype in P. syringae while on leaves. This strategy has worked extraordinarily well, and we have identified over 135 loci that are selectively expressed on plants. The genes identified in this strategy are providing insight into the traits that coordinately are involved in adaptation to the plant habitat as well as complex anti-sense patterns of gene expression that apparently are involved in regulating gene expression on plants in many cases. This library of genes is a huge resource for future research that will address how these plant-inducible genes contribute to interactions of bacteria with healthy plants.
Bacterial brown spot lesions in bean leaf caused by Pseudomonas syringae
My lab has also been very active in pursuing the functional genomics of P. syringae. We have cooperated with DOE-JGI to obtain a completed genomic sequence of P. syringae strain B728a. Since this strain is a superb epiphyte as well as a plant pathogen, comparative genomics are being pursued to identify genes involved in epiphytic fitness by identifying genes not found in related strains such as P. syringae pv. tomato that are not good epiphytes. We already have identified several interesting genes that apparently confer novel means of interacting with the plant and with other organisms. For example, a gene in strain B728a has high homology to hetC, a gene that confers heterokaryon incompatability (a form of apoptosis) in many filamentous fungi. We are pursuing experimentation that addresses whether such a gene is a fungal-specific virulence factor that might enable P. syringae to kill fungal cells on plants to overcome nutrient limitation that they would otherwise face in this nutrient-poor environment. The results on this and other such projects suggested by examination of the genome of P. syringae are very promising, and such genomics studies will clearly be a thrust of the lab in the future.
Quorum sensing in bacteria on plants
A major focus of the lab addresses how bacteria on plants benefit from cooperating with each other to ensure their survival or to interact with plants. We have found that a large percentage of the cells of pathogens such as P. syringae occur in aggregates on leaves. Through the use of Gfp-marked cells and viability stains we have found that such aggregates are required for tolerance of environmental stresses on leaves; while individual cells often die upon exposure to stressful conditions such as periodic desiccation on leaves, a high percentage of cells in aggregates survive such stresses. Furthermore, such bacterial aggregates facilitate the successful immigration of other cells to a leaf; immigrants of a variety of bacterial species that arrive at un- colonized sites have a much lower survival than if they had landed at a bacterial aggregate.
This work is leading to a new appreciation for the importance of aggregates in the biology of microbes on leaves, and has helped in our modeling efforts to describe the response of epiphytic populations to changes in their physical environment, and also to explain factors influencing successful immigration to a leaf. Such cell density-dependent behavior suggested that so-called quorum sensing may play an important role in the behavior of plant-associated bacteria. Most plant pathogenic bacteria produce small quorum-sensing signal molecules that act as co-inducers to regulate transcription of target genes in a cell density-dependent fashion. When the autoinducer of P. syringae, n-(3-oxo-hexanoyl)-L-homoserine lactone (AHL) is blocked by mutation, the epiphytic survival of mutants under stressful conditions on leaves was greatly reduced. Furthermore, we find that a variety of important traits in P. syringae such as swarming motility, extracellular polysaccharide production, oxidant tolerance, and certain virulence traits are altered in AHL mutants. Since the production of AHL quorum sensing molecules by this species is required for stress tolerance on leaves, the disruption of intercellular signaling on leaves could be an effective strategy of minimizing microbial colonization of leaves.
Large aggregate (more than 1000 cells) of cells of Pseudomonas syringae on bean leaf visualized after staining with acridine orange.
We are pursuing a genomics-based approach to determine what genes that are expressed in a cell density-dependent fashion in P. syringae and their coordinate regulation. Elucidation of the quorum sensing regulon should provide insight into other traits that are expressed in a cell density-dependent fashion, and that the contribution of those traits to the epiphytic and pathogenic behavior of P. syringae will be revealing. Since our work has already shown that cell-cell signaling is central to the process of infection of host plants by P. syringae, we are exploring how the infection process can be blocked by altering the abundance of AHL at the infection site. Our preliminary work has shown that the infection process can be blocked by supplying exogenous AHL in transgenic AHL-producing plants. We have several studies underway to test whether a "stealth model" of pathogenesis is common in different P. syringae pathovars and whether altering AHL content of plants might be a general new method of disease control.
We have also found that the behavior of P. syringae on plants can be greatly affected by other epiphytic bacteria that produce AHL or that interfere with the ability of P. syringae to respond to its own AHL. This finding is an exciting new avenue of research in my lab that is producing evidence of cross talk among bacteria that leads to remarkable changes in behavior. Clearly, this finding leads to the prospect of new strategies of biological control of disease by "antagonistic" bacteria that alter AHL-mediated quorum sensing in P. syringae (and probably many other plant pathogens).
Studies of the endophytic plant pathogen Xylella fastidiosa
The study of cell-cell signaling in the endophytic bacterium Xylella fastidiosa recently became a major component of my research program. This bacterium is an important plant pathogen causing diseases of grape, and a variety of other important crop plants, but had been relatively unstudied due to its fastidious nature and lack of a genetic system. We have developed a tractable genetic system for X. fastidiosa and have made rapid progress toward understanding its colonization of xylem vessels of plants and its vectoring by insects. Our quantification of Gfp-marked strains of X. fastidiosa in plants reveal that, contrary to common perception, it spreads widely and forms modest sized aggregates on xylem vessels throughout the plant shortly after inoculation while blocking very few vessels by its growth. Such would be the pattern of colonization of vessels expected if it were principally growing as a biofilm- forming endophyte that would require xylem flow for its growth and maintenance in plants.
Pierce's disease of grape causing scorching of leaves and raisining of grape berries
Given that X. fastidiosa occurs as a classical "biofilm" in vessels and that examination of its genome content revealed the presence of a gene homologous to one in Xanthomonas campestris that conferred production of a small signal molecule (recently characterized as a fatty acid) that controls production of virulence factors such as cell wall degradation enzymes, we examined whether cell-cell signaling played a role in its colonization of plants. Mutants blocked in signal molecule production are hypervirulent to grape but do not colonize and hence are not transmitted by sharpshooter vectors. These findings further support our model that quorum sensing suppresses traits involved in biofilm formation in plants (to prevent deleterious effects of "over-colonization" of vessels) but promotes biofilm formation in insect vectors.
A great deal of work is underway in my lab to ascertain the regulon of the rpf cell-cell signaling locus and to determine other plant-inducible genes in X. fastidiosa by expression profiling using a DNA micro array we have developed for this species. Since our work suggests that the fatty acid signal molecule is required to suppress virulence of X. fastidiosa we are producing plants that express this signal molecule as well as exploring the production of signal molecule in plants by other endophytic bacteria as a means of altering the normal process of colonization by this plant pathogen. Our preliminary suggests that these strategies can achieve control of the important diseases caused by X. fastdiosa.
Movement of gfp-marked strains of Xylella fastidiosa across pit membranes of a grape xylem vessel
Applied Microbial Ecology
Because of my training and interest in Plant Pathology, I also have pursued research that addresses important problems related to plant productivity in California and worldwide. This work investigates important agricultural problems as model systems to develop concepts in microbial biology. I therefore have investigated in depth
- The epidemiology of an important bacterial disease of walnut trees caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv.juglandis
- The factors that can lead to successful biological control of fire blight, the most important bacterial disease of pear and apple worldwide caused by Erwinia amylovora
- New approaches by which frost injury to pear, potato, citrus and other important California crop plants caused by the ice nucleation active bacterium Pseudomonas syringae can be controlled
- The interactions of non-pathogenic bacteria such as Erwinia herbicola that incite fruit russeting of pear and apple by producing the plant hormone 3- indoleacetic acid (IAA).
A substantial amount of work in my laboratory is directed toward what might be called the "field ecology" of bacteria on plants. In this work we are addressing the population dynamics of bacterial populations on plants under field conditions and are investigating the factors that influence how many and what types of bacteria occur on plants and how they interact. Much of this work must be done in field studies, because the variable biological, physical and chemical environment on plants cannot be reproduced in laboratory and field conditions. In addition, many processes, such as immigration of bacteria to plant surfaces, occur at very large spatial scales.
Frost damage to potato plants following mild radiative frost of -4 C in field
The issues that we are addressing include the findings that:
- Bacterial populations on many plants such as citrus, and initial populations on deciduous tree crops is due primarily to immigration from nearby vegetation.
- Plant developmental abnormalities such as fruit russeting are associated with phytohormone-producing bacteria on plants. Alteration in the abundance and composition of nearby plant species and application of nitrogen-containing compounds that block IAA production in the bacteria can greatly reduce fruit russetting.
- Non-pathogenic, non ice nucleating bacteria such as Pseudomonas fluorescens strain A506 on trees, can inhibit the growth of other bacteria on plants by a process of pre-emptive competitive competition, leading to biological control of fire blight disease of pear and apple caused by Erwinia amylovora, as well as frost injury to plants caused by ice nucleating bacterial strains. This work has led to the commercial registration of this bacterium as a "biological pesticide" with the US EP A, enabling it to be used on many thousands of acres of high value crops for disease and frost control, resulting in large reductions in the use of antibiotics and other chemical pesticides that otherwise would have been used for control of these problems.
- Studies of the quantitative epidemiology of walnut blight disease caused by Xanthomonas arboricola pv. juglandis reveal that inoculum of the pathogen is found nearly exclusively in buds. This work has resulted in a model for the prediction of disease from estimates of pathogen inoculum abundance in buds in the winter, thus allowing disease control efforts to be applied only in orchards at risk of disease. The work has also revealed that early-season application of erradicant bactericides can yield excellent disease control while reducing the need for subsequent bactericide sprays, thereby reducing the cost of disease management and reducing environmental impacts of bactericide use.
- New methods of frost control for frost sensitive plants that I have developed depend on the assumption that ice nucleation caused by bacteria in a given plant part is the primary source of ice formation, and that ice propagation from distal plant parts on a plant is not important in the overall freezing process on a plant. Our on-going work has now shown that on plant species such as deciduous tree species (e.g. pear) that individual flowers freeze independently and that there is a large effect of reducing populations of ice nucleation active bacteria on frost susceptibility. On plants such as potato that have a dense canopy of overlapping leaves, ice propagation can be a significant source of ice formation and control of ice nucleating bacteria will have a lesser effect on frost damage.
176. Adams, R. Bhangar, S., Pasut, W., Arens, E.A., Taylor, J.W., Lindow, S.E., Nazaroff, W.W., and Bruns, T.D. 2015. Chamber bioaerosol study: Outdoor air and human occupants as sources of indoor airborne microbes. PLOS ONE. 10:e0128022.
175. Elkins, R.B., Temple, T.N., Shaffer, C.A., Ingels, C.A., Lindow, S.E., Zoller, B.G., and Johnson, K.B. 2015. Evaluation of dormant-stage inoculum sanitation as a component of a fire blight management program for fresh market Bartlett pear. Plant Disease 99:1147-1152.
174. Yu, X., Lund, S.P., Greenwald, J.W., Records, A.H., Scott, R.A., Nettleton, D., Lindow, S.E., Gross, D.C., and Beattie, G.A. 2014. Transcriptional Analysis of the Global Regulatory Networks Active in Pseudomonas syringae during Leaf Colonization. mBio 5: doi:10.1128/mBio.01683-14
173. Baccari, C., Killiny, N., Ionescu, M., Almeida, R.P.P., and Lindow, S.E. 2014. Diffusible signal factor-repressed extracellular traits enable attachment of Xylella fastidiosa to insect vectors and transmission. Phytopathology 104:27-33.
172. Ionescu, M., Zaini, P.A., Baccari, C., Tran, S., da Silva, A.M., and Lindow, S.E. 2014. Xylella fastidiosa outer membrane vesicles modulate plant colonization by blocking attachment to surfaces. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA). 111:E3910-E3918.
171. Caserta, R., Picchi, S.C., Takita, M.A., Tomaz, J.P., Pereira, W.E.L., Machado, M.A., Ionescu, M., Lindow, S., and de Souza, A.A. 2014. Expression of Xylella fastidiosa RpfF in citrus disrupts signaling in Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri and thereby its virulence. Molec. Plant-Microbe Interact. 27:1241-1252.
170. Burch, A.Y., Zeisler, V., Yokota, K., Schreiber, L., and Lindow, S.E. 2014. The hygroscopic bosurfactant syringafactin produced by Pseudomonas syringae enhances fitness on leaf surfaces during fluctuating humidity. Environ. Microbiol. 16: 2086-2098.
169. Adams, R.I., Meletto, M., Lindow, S.E., Taylor, J. W., and Bruns, T.D. 2014. Airborne bacterial communities in residences: similarities and differences with fungi. PLOS one 9:issue 3 391283.
168. Lindow, S.E., Newman, K., Chatterjee, S., Baccari, C., Lavarone, A.T., and Ionescu, M. 2014. Production of Xylella fastidiosa diffusible signal factor in transgenic grape causes pathogen confusion and reduction in severity of Pierce’s disease. Molec. Plant-Microbe Interact. 27:244-254.
167. Lindow, S.E., Olson, W., and Buchner, R. 2014. Colonization of dormant walnut buds by Xanthomonas arboricola pv. juglandis is predictive of subsequent disease. Phytopathology 104:1163-1174.
166. Hockett, K.L. Ionescu, M and Lindow, S.E. 2014. Involvement of rppH in Thermo-regulation in Pseudomonas syringae. J. Bacteriol. 196:2314-2322.
165. Hockett, K.L., Burch, A.Y., and Lindow, S.E. 2013. Thermo-regulation of genes mediating motility and plant interactions in Pseudomonas syringae. PLOS one 8: Article No.: e59850 .
164. Roberts, E., and Lindow, S. 2014. Loline alkaloid production by fungal endophytes of Fescue species select for particular epiphytic bacterial microflora. The ISME J. 8:359-368.
163. Burch, A.Y., Finkel, O.M., Cho, J.K., Belkin, S. and Lindow, S.E. 2013. Diverse microhabitats experienced by Halomonas variabilis on salt-secreting leaves. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 79:845-852.
162. Burch, A.Y., O.M. Finkel, J.K. Cho, S. Belkin, and S.E. Lindow. 2013. Diverse microhabitats experienced by Halomonas variabilis on salt-excreting leaves. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 79:845-852.
161. Yu, X., S.P. Lund, R.A. Scott, J.W. Greenwald, A.H. Records, D. Nettleton, S.E. Lindow, D.C. Gross, and G.W. Beattie. 2013. Transcriptional response of Pseudomonas syringae to growth in epiphytic versus apoplastic leaf sites. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci (USA). 110: E425-E434 .
160. Posa-Carrion, C. T.V. Suslow, and S.E. Lindow. 2013. Resident bacteria on leaves enhance survival of immigrant cells of Salmonella enterica. Phytopathology 103:341-351.
159. Ionescu, M., Baccari, C., DaSilva, A.M., Garcia, A., Yokota, K., and Lindow, S.E. 2013. Diffusible signal factor (DSF) sythetase RpfF of Xylella fastidiosa is a multifunction protein also required for response to DSF. J. Bacteriol. 195:5273-5284.
158. de Souza, A.A., M. Ionescu , C. Baccari, A.M. da Silva and S.E. Lindow. 2013. Overlap in phenotypes controlled by the cyclic di-GMP phosphodiesterase Eal in response to antibiotic exposure and DSF-mediated cell-cell signaling in Xylella fastidiosa. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 79:3444-3454.
157. Parangan-Smith, A. and S.E. Lindow. 2012. Contribution of nitrate assimilation to the fitness of Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae B728a on plants. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 79:678-687.
156. Beaulieu, E., M. Ionescu, S. Chatterjee, K. Yokota, D. Trauner, and S.E. Lindow. 2012. Characterization of a diffusible signaling factor from Xylella fastidiosa. mBio 4: Article No.: e00539
155. Wang, N., Li, J.-L., and Lindow, S.E. 2012. RpfF-dependent regulon of Xylella fastidiosa. Phytopathology 102:1045-1053.
154. Karamonoli, K., Bouligaraki, P., Constantinidou, H.-A.A., and Lindow, S.E. 2012. Polyphenolic compounds on leaves limit iron availability and affect growth of epiphytic bacteria. Ann. Appl. Biol. 159:99-108.
153. Finkel, O.M. Burch, A.Y., Elad, T., Huse, S.M., Lindow, S.E., Post, A.F., and Belkin, S. 2012. Distance-Decay Relationships Partially Determine Diversity Patterns of Phyllosphere Bacteria on Tamarix Trees across the Sonoran Desert. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 78:6187-6193.
152. Loper, J.E., Hassan, K.A., Mavrodi, D.,Davis, E.W., Lim, K.,Shaffer, B., Elbourne, L.D.H., Hartney, S., Stockwell, V., Breakwell, K., Henkels, M., Tetu, S.G., Blumhagen, R., Wilson, N.L., van Mortel, J., Song, C., Radune, D., Hostetler, J., Brinkac, L., Durkin, S., Kluepfel, D., Wechter P., Anderson, A., Kim, Y.C., Pierson, L.S., Pierson, E., Lindow, S.E., Raaijmakers, J.M., Weller, D., Thomashow, L., Allen, A., and Paulsen, I.T. 2012. Comparative Genomics of Plant-associated Strains of Pseudomonas fluorescens: Insights into the Evolution of Biological Control Traits. PLoS Genetics 8: e1002784.
151. Chatnaparat, T., Prathuangwong, S., Ionescu, M., and Lindow, S.E. 2012. XagR, a LuxR homolog, contributes to the virulence of Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. glycines to soybean. MPMI 25:1104-1117.
150. Perez-Velazquez, J., Schlict, R., Dulla, G., Hense, B.A., Kuttler, C., and Lindow, S.E. 2012. Stochastic modeling of Pseudomonas syringae growth in the phyllosphere. Mathematical Biosciences 239:106-116.
149. Burch, A.Y., Shimada, B.K., Mullin, S.W.A., Dunlap, C.A., Bowman, M.J., and Lindow, S.E. 2012. Pseudomonas syringae coordinates production of a motility-enabling surfactant with flagellar assembly. J. Bacteriol. 194:1287-1298.
148. Almeida, R.P.P., Killiny, N., Newman, K.L., Chatterjee, S., Ionescu, M., and Lindow, S.E. 2012. Contribution of rpfB to cell-to-cell signal synthesis, virulence, and vector transmission of Xylella fastidiosa. MPMI 25:453-462.
147. Baccari, C. and S.E. Lindow. 2011. Assessment of the process of movement of Xylella fastidiosa within susceptible and resistant grape varieties. Phytopathology 101:77-84.
146. Finkel, O.M., Burch, A.Y., Lindow, S.E., Post, A.F., and Belkin, S. 2011. Geographical location determines the population structure in phyllosphere microbial communities of a salt-excreting desert tree. Appl. Environ. Microb. 77:7647-7655.
145. Burch, A.Y., Browne, P.J., Dunlap C.A., Price, N.P., and Lindow, S.E. 2011. Comparison of biosurfactant detection methods reveals hydrophobic surfactants and contact-regulated production. Environ. Microbiol. 13:2681-2691.
144. Dulla, G.F.J., Krasileva, K.V., and Lindow, S.E. 2010. Interference of quorum sensing in Pseudomonas syringae by bacterial epiphytes that limit iron availability. Environ. Microbiol. 12:1762-1774.
143. Chatterjee, S., Killiny, N., Almeida, R.P.P., and Lindow, S.E. 2010. Role of Cyclic diGMP in Xylella fastidiosa Biofilm Formation, Plant Virulence and Insect Transmission. Molec. Plant-Microbe Interactions 23:1356-1363.
142. Kurz, M., Burch, A.Y. Seip, B., Lindow, S.E., and Gross, H. 2010. Genomic-driven investigation of compatible solute biosynthesis pathways of Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae and their contribution to water stress tolerance. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 76:5452-5462.
141. Burch, A.Y., Shimada, B.K., Browne, P.J. and Lindow, S.E. 2010. A novel high-throughput detection method to assess bacterial surfactant production. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 76:5363-5372.
140. Dulla, G. and S.E. Lindow. 2009. Acyl homoserine lactone mediated cross talk among epiphytic bacteria modulate behavior of Pseudomonas syringae on leaves. ISME J. 3:825-834.
139. Shepherd, R.W., and S.E. Lindow. 2009. Two dissimilar N-acyl-homoserine lactone acylases of Pseudomonas syringae influence colony and biofilm morphology. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 75:45-53.
138. DeAngelis, K.M., E.L. Brodie, T.Z. DeSantis, G.L. Andersen, S.E. Lindow, and M.K. Firestone. 2009. Selective progressive response of soil microbial community to wild oat roots. The ISME J. 3:168-178.
137. Newman, K.L., Chatterjee, S., Ho, K.A., and Lindow, S.E. 2008. Virulence of plant pathogenic bacteria attenuated by degradation of fatty acid cell-cell signaling factors. MPMI 21: 326-334.
136. Groll, M., B. Schellenberg, A.S. Bachmann, C.R. Archer, R. Huber, T.K. Powell, S. Lindow, and R. Dudler. 2008. A plant pathogen virulence factor inhibits the eukaryotic proteasome by a novel mechanism. Nature 452:755-759.
135. Wichmann, G, J. Sun, K. Dementhon, N. L. Glass, and S. E. Lindow. 2008. A novel gene, phcA from Pseudomonas syringae is able to induce programmed cell death in the filamentous fungus Neurospora crassa. Molec. Microbiol. 68:672-689.
134. Maduell, P., Armengol G., Llagostera, M., Orduz, S., and Lindow, S.E. 2008. Bacillus thuringiensis strains are poor colonists of leaf surfaces. Microbial Ecol. 55:212-219.
133. DeAngelis, K.M., S.E. Lindow, and M.K. Firestone. 2008. Bacterial quorum sensing and nitrogen cycling in rhizosphere soil. FEMS Microb. Ecol. 66:197-207.
132. Chatterjee, S., K.L. Newman, and S.E. Lindow. 2008. Cell-cell signaling in Xylella fastidiosa suppresses movement and xylem vessel colonization in grape. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 21:1309-1315.
131. Dulla, G., and S.E. Lindow. 2008. Quorum size of Pseudomonas syringae is small and dictated by water availability on the leaf surface. PNAS 105: 3082-3087.
130. Chatterjee, S., C. Wistrom, and S.E. Lindow. 2008. A cell-cell signaling sensor is required for virulence and insect transmission of Xylella fastidiosa. PNAS 105: 2670-2675.
129. Maduell, P., Armengol G. Llagostera, M., Lindow, S.E., and Orduz, S. 2007. Immigration of Bacillus thuringiensis to bean leaves from soil inoculum or distal plant parts. J. Appl. Microbiology 103:2593-2600.
128. Jones, A.M., S.E. Lindow, and M.C. Wildermuth. 2007. Salicylic acid, yersiniabactin, and pyoverdine production by the model phytopathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000: Synthesis, regulation, and impact on tomato and Arabidopsis host plants. J. Bacteriol. 189:6773-6786.
127. DeAngelis, K.M., M.K. Firestone, and S.E. Lindow. 2007 A sensitive whole-cell biosensor for detecting a variety of n-acyl homoserine lactones in rhizosphere microbial communities. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 73:3724-3727.
126. Feil, H., W. Feil., and S.E. Lindow. 2007. Contribution of fimbrial and afimbrial adhesins of Xylella fastidiosa to attachment to surfaces and virulence to grape. Phytopathology 97:318-324.
125. Karamanoli, K., and S.E. Lindow. 2006. Disruption of N-acyl homoserine lactone-mediated cell signaling and iron acquisition in epiphytic bacteria by leaf surface compounds. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 72:7678-7686.
124. Leveau, J.H.J.,and Lindow, S.E. 2005. Utilization of the plant hormone indole-3-acetic acid for growth by Pseudomonas putida strain 1290. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 71:2365-2371.
123. Monier, J.M., and Lindow, S.E. 2005. Spatial organization of dual-species bacterial aggregates on leaf surfaces. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 71:5484-5493.
122. Monier, J.-M., and Lindow, S.E. 2005. Aggregation of resident bacteria facilitate survival of immigrant bacteria on leaf surfaces. Microb. Ecol. 49:343-352.
121. Marco, M.L., Legac, J., and Lindow, S.E. 2005. Pseudomonas syringae genes induced during colonization of leaf surfaces. Environ. Microbiol. 7:1379-1391.
120. Quiñones, B., Dulla, G., and Lindow, S.E. 2005. Quorum sensing regulates exopolysaccharide production, motility, and virulence in Pseudomonas syringae. Molec. Plant-Microbe Interactions 18:682-693.
119. DeAngelis, K., Ji, P., Firestone, M.J., and Lindow, S.E. 2005. Two Novel Bacterial Biosensors for the Detection of Nitrate Availability in the Rhizosphere. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 71:8537-8547.
118. Feil, H., Feil, W.S., Chain, P., Larimaer, F., DiBartolo, G., Copeland, A., Lykidis, A., Trong, S., Nolan, M., Goltsman, E., Thiel, J., Malfatti, S., Loper, J.E., Lapidus, A., Detter, J.C., Land, M., Richardsson, P.M., Kyrpides, N.C., Ivanova, N., and Lindow, S.E. 2005. Comparison of the complete genome sequence of Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae B728a and pv. tomato DC3000. PNAS 102:11064-11069.
117. Newman, K.L., Almeida, R.P.P., Purcell, A.H., and Lindow, S.E. 2004. Cell-cell signaling controls Xylella fastidiosa interactions with both insects and plants. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA) 101:147-152.
116. Quinones, B., Pujol, C.J., and Lindow, S.E. 2004. Regulation of AHL production and its contribution to epiphytic fitness in Pseudomonas syringae. Molec. Plant-Microbe Interact. 17:521-531.
115. Monier, J.-M. and Lindow, S.E. 2004. Frequency, size and localization of bacterial aggregates on bean leaf surfaces. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:346-355.
114. Yang, S., Perna, N.T., Cooksey, D.A., Okinaka, Y., Lindow, S.E., Ibekwe, A. M., Keen, N.T., and Yang, C.-H. 2004. Genome-wide identification of plant-upregulated genes of Erwinia chrysanthemi 3937 using a GFP-Based IVET leaf array. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions. 17:999-1008.
113. Monier, J.-M. and Lindow, S.E. 2003. Differential survival of solitary and aggregated bacterial cells promotes aggregate formation on leaf surfaces. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 100:15977-15982.
112. Marco, M.L., Legac, J., and Lindow, S.E. 2003. Conditional survival as a selection strategy to identify plant-inducible genes of Pseudomonas syringae. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:5793-5801.
111. Farrar, J., Hawes, M., Jones, D., and Lindow, S. 2003. How roots control the flux of carbon to the rhizosphere. Ecology 84:827-837.
110. Lindow, S.E., and Suslow, T.V. 2003. Temporal dynamics of the biological control agent Pseudomonas fluorescens strain A506 in flowers in inoculated pear trees. Phytopathology 93:727-737.
109. Monier, J-M., and Lindow, S.E. 2003. Pseudomonas syringae responds to the epiphytic environment on leaves by cell size reduction. Phytopathology 93:1209-1216.
108. Mercier, J., and Lindow, S.E. 2001. Field performance of antagonistic bacteria identified in a novel laboratory assay for biological control of fire blight of pear. Biological Control 22:66-71.
107. Newman, K.L., Almeida, R.P.P., Purcell, A.H., and Lindow, S.E.. 2003. Use of a green fluorescent strain for analysis of colonization of vitis vinifera by Xylella fastidiosa. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:7319-7327.
106. Feil, H., Feil, W.S., Detter, J.C., Purcell, A.H., and Lindow, S.E. 2003. Site-directed disruption of the fimA and fimF fimbrial genes of Xylella fastidiosa”. Phytopathology 93:675-682.
105. Holden, P.A., LaMontagne, M.G., Bruce, A.K., Miller, W.G., and Lindow, S.E. 2002. Assessing the role of Pseudomonas aeruginosa surface-active gene expression in hexadecane biodegradation in sand. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 68: 2509-2518.
104. Leveau, J.H.J., and Lindow, S.E. 2001. Modelling of gfp-based estimates of gene expression in situ. J. Bacteriol. 183:6752-6762.
103. Brandl, M., Quinones, B., and Lindow, S.E. 2001. Heterogenity of expression of genes involved in 3-indole acetic acid production in Erwinia herbicola on leaf surfaces. PNAS 98: 3454-3459.
102. Leveau, J.H.J., and Lindow, S.E. 2001. Appetite of an epiphyte: Quantitative monitoring of bacterial sugar consumption in the phyllosphere. PNAS 98:3446-3453.
101. Miller, W.G., Brandl, M.T., Quinones, B., and Lindow, S.E. 2001. A biological sensor for sucrose availability: the relative sensitivities of various reporter genes. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:1308-1317.
100. Hallmann, J., Quadt-Hallmann, A., Miller, W.G., Sikora, R.A., and Lindow, S.E. 2001. Endophytic colonization of plants by the biological control agent Rhizobium etli G12 in relation to Meloidogyne incognita infection. Phytopathology 91: 415-422.
99. Joyner, D., and S.E. Lindow. 2000. Heterogeneity of iron bioavailability on plants assessed with a whole-cell GFP-based bacterial biosensor. Microbiology 146:2435-2445.
98. Miller, W.G., J.H.J. Leveau, and S.E. Lindow. 2000. Improved gfp and inaZ broad host-range promoter-probe vectors. Molec. Plant-Microbe Interact. 13:1243-1250.
97. Kinkel, L., M. Wilson, and S.E. Lindow. 2000. Biological and physical factors influencing variability in epiphytic bacterial population size. Microb. Ecol. 39:1-11.
96. Mercier, J., and S.E. Lindow. 2000. Role of leaf surface sugars in the colonization of plants by Pseudomonas fluorescens. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:369-374.
95. Lindow, S.E. 1999. Epiphytic growth and survival. Methods in Microbiology 27:177-182.
94. Jaeger, C., E. Clark, M.K. Firestone, and S.E. Lindow. 1999. Mapping sugar and amino acid exudation around roots in soil using bacterial sensors of sucrose and tryptophan. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:2685-2690.
93. Wilson, M., S.S. Hirano, and S.E. Lindow. 1999. Location and survival of leaf-associated bacteria in relation to their potential for growth within the leaf. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:1435-1443.
92. Manulis, S., A. Haviv-Chesner, M.T. Brandl, S.E. Lindow, and I. Barash. 1998. Differential involvement of indole-3-acetic acid biosynthetic pathways in pathogenicity and epiphytic fitness of Erwinia herbicola pv. gypsophilae. Molec. Plant-Microbe Interact. 11:634-642.
91. Lindow, S.E., C. Desurmont, R. Elkins, G. McGourty, E. Clark, and M. Brandl. 1998. Occurrence of IAA-producing bacteria on pear trees and their association with fruit russet. Phytopathology 88:1149-1157.
90. Andersen, G.A., G.A. Beattie, and S.E. Lindow. 1998. Molecular characterization and sequence of a methionine biosynthetic locus from Pseudomonas syringae. J. Bacteriol. 180:4497-4507.
89. Brandl, M.T., and S.E. Lindow. 1998. Contribution of indole-3-acetic acid production to the epiphytic fitness of Erwinia herbicola. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64:3256-3263.
88. Miller, W.G., and S.E. Lindow. 1997. An improved GFP cloning cassette designed for prokaryotic transcriptional fusions. Gene 191:149-153.
87. Brandl, M.T., and S.E. Lindow. 1997. Cloning and characterization of a locus encoding an indolepyruvate decarboxylase involved in indole-3-acetic acid synthesis in Erwinia herbicola. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 62:4121-4128.
86. Brandl, M.T., and S.E. Lindow. 1997. Environmental Signals modulate the expression of an indole-3-acetic acid biosynthetic gene in Erwinia herbicola. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 10:499-505.
85. Wisniewski, M., S.E. Lindow, and E.N. Ashworth. 1997. Observations of ice nucleation and propagation in plants using infrared video thermography. Plant Physiol. 113:327-334.
84. Fuller, M.P., Wisniewski, M., Ashworth, E., and Lindow, S.E. 1997.The use of infrared thermography to study ice nucleation and freezing in plants. Cryobiology 35:336-337.
83. van Zee, K., D. A. Baertlein, S.E. Lindow, N.J. Panopoulos, and T.H.H. Chen. Cold requirements for maximal activity of the bacterial ice nucleation protein INAZ in transgenic plants. Plant Mol. Biol. 30:207-211.
82. Abebe, H.M., R.J. King, S.E. Lindow, E. Clark, K.A. Short, and R.J. Seidler. 1997. Relative expression and stability of a chromosomally integrated and plasmid-borne marker gene fusion in environmentally competent bacteria. Current icrobiology 34:71-78.
81. Kinkel, L.L., M. Wilson, and S.E. Lindow. 1996. Utility of microcosm studies for predicting phylloplane bacterium population sizes in the field. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 62:3413-3423.
80. Brandl, M., E.M. Clark, and S.E. Lindow. 1996. Characterization of the indole-3- acetic acid (IAA) biosynthetic pathway in an epiphytic strain of Erwinia herbicola and IAA production in vitro. Can. J. Microbiol. 42:586-592.
79. Mercier, J., and S.E. Lindow. 1996. A method involving ice nucleation for the identification of microorganisms antagonistic to Erwinia amylovora on pear flowers. Phytopathology 86:940-945.
78. Lindow, S.E., G. McGourty, and R. Elkins. 1996. Interactions of antibiotics with Pseudomonas fluorescens strain A506 in the control of fire blight and frost injury to pear. Phytopathology 86:841-848.
77. Lindow, S.E., and Andersen, G.A. 1996. Influence of immigration in establishing epiphytic bacterial populations on navel orange. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 62:2978-2987.
76. Lindow, S.E. 1995. The use of reporter genes in the study of microbial ecology. Molecular Ecology 4:555-566.
75. Kinkel, L., Wilson, M., and Lindow, S. E. 1995. Effects of scale on estimates of epiphytic bacterial populations. Microbial Ecology 29:283-297.
74. Lindow, S. E. 1995. Role of membrane fluidity on production and stability of bacterial ice nuclei active at warm subfreezing temperatures. Cryobiology 32:247-258.
73. Gurian-Sherman, D. and Lindow, S. E. 1995. Differential effects of growth temperature on ice nuclei active at different temperatures that are produced by cells of Pseudomonas syringae. Cryobiology 32:129-138.
72. Wilson M., M.A. Savka, I. Hwang, S.K. Farrand, and S.E. Lindow. Altered epiphytic colonization of mannityl opine-producing transgenic tobacco plants by a mannityl opine-catabolizing strain of Pseudomonas syringae. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61:2151-2158.
71. Wilson, M., Savka, M. A., Hwang, I., Farrand, S. K., and Lindow, S. E. 1995. Altered epiphytic colonization of mannityl opine-producing transgenic tobacco plants by a mannityl opine-catabolizing strain of Pseudomonas syringae. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61:2151-2158.
70. Wilson, M. and Lindow, S. E. 1995. Enhanced epiphytic coexistence of near-isogenic salicylate-catabolizing and non-salicylate-catabolizing Pseudomonas putida strains after exogenous salicylate application. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61:1073-1076.
69. Cirvilleri, G. and Lindow, S. E. 1994. Use of bioluminescence marker to detect epiphytic Pseudomonas syringae. Riv. Pat. Veg. 4:1-9.
68. Wilson, M. and Lindow, S. E. 1994. Coexistence among epiphytic bacterial populations mediated through nutritional resource partitioning. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 60:4468-4477.
67. Beattie, G. A. and Lindow, S. E. 1994. Comparison of the behavior of epiphytic fitness mutants of Pseudomonas syringae under controlled and field conditions. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 60:3799-3808.
66. Beattie, G. A. and Lindow, S. E. 1994. Survival, growth, and localization of epiphytic fitness mutants of Pseudomonas syringae on leaves. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 60:3790-3798.
65. Wilson, M., and Lindow, S. E. 1994. Ecological differentiation and coexistence between epiphytic Ice+ Pseudomonas syringae strains and an Ice- biological control agent. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 60:3128-3137.
64. Wilson, M. and Lindow, S. E. 1994. Inoculum density-dependent mortality and colonization of the phyllosphere by Pseudomonas syringae. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 60:2232-2237.
63. Loper, J.E. and Lindow, S. E.. 1994. A biological sensor for iron available to bacteria in their habitats on plant surfaces. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 60:1934-1941.
62. Cirvilleri, G. and Lindow, S. E. 1994. Differential expression of genes of Pseudomonas syringae on leaves and in culture evaluated with random genomic Lux fusions. Molecular Ecology. 3:249-259.
61. Rogers, J. S., Clark, E., Cirvilleri, G., and Lindow, S. E. 1994. Cloning and characterization of genes conferring copper resistance in epiphytic ice nucleation active Pseudomonas syringae strains. Phytopathology 84:891-897.
60. Seidler, R.J., Walter, M. V., Hern, S., Fieland, V., Schmedding, D., and Lindow, S. E. 1994. Measuring the dispersal and re-entrainment of recombinant Pseudomonas syringae at California test sites. Microbial Releases 2:209-216.
59. Gurian-Sherman, D. and Lindow, S. E. 1993. Bacterial ice nucleation: significance and molecular basis. FASEB Journal 9:1338-1343.
58. Kajava, A., and Lindow, S. E. 1993. A molecular model of the three-dimensional structure of bacterial ice nucleation proteins. J. Molec. Biol. 232:709-717.
57. Lindow, S. E. 1993. Novel method for identifying bacterial mutants with reduced epiphytic fitness. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59:1586-1592.
56. Lindow, S. E., Andersen, G., and Beattie, G. 1993. Characteristics of insertional mutants of Pseudomonas syringae with reduced epiphytic fitness. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59:1593-1601.
55. Gurian-Sherman, G., Lindow, S. E., and Panopoulos, N. J. 1993. Isolation and characterization of hydroxylamine-induced mutations in the Erwinia herbicola ice nucleation gene that selectively reduce warm temperature ice nucleation activity. Molec. Microbiol. 9:383-391.
54. Lee, Y.-A., Schroth, M. N., Hendson, M., Lindow, S. E., Wang, X.-L., Olson, B., Bucher, R. P., and Teviotdale, B. 1993. Increased toxicity of iron-amended copper-containing bactericides to the walnut blight pathogen, Xanthomonas campestris pv. juglandis. Phytopathology 83:1460-1465.
53. Kinkel, L., and Lindow, S. E. 1993. Invasion, exclusion, and coexistence among intraspecific bacterial epiphytes. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59:3447-3454.
52. Wilson, M., and Lindow, S. E. 1993. The effect of phenotypic plasticity on epiphytic colonization and survival by Pseudomonas syringae. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59:410-416.
51. Wilson, M., and Lindow, S. E. 1993. Interactions between the biological control agent Pseudomonas fluorescens A506 and Erwinia amylovora in pear blossoms. Phytopathology 83:117-123.
50. Wilson, M., and Lindow, S. E. 1992. Relationship of total and culturable cells in epiphytic populations of Pseudomonas syringae. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 3908-3913.
49. Baertlein, D. A., Lindow, S. E., Panopoulos, N. J., Lee, S. P., Mindrinos, M. N., and Chen, T. H. 1992. Expression of a bacterial ice nucleation gene in plants. Pl. Physiol. 100:1730-1736.
48. Anderson, G. L., Menkissoglu, O., and Lindow, S. E. 1991. Occurrence and properties of copper-tolerant strains of Pseudomonas syringae isolated from fruit tree in California. Phytopathology 81:648-656.
47. Menkissoglu, O. and Lindow, S. E. 1991. Chemical form of copper on leaves in relation to the bactericidal activity of cupric hydroxide deposits on leaves. Phytopathology 81:1263-1270.
46. Menkissoglu, O. and Lindow, S. E. 1991. Relationship of free ionic copper and toxicity in solution of organic compounds. Phytopathology 81:1258-1263.
45. Burke, M. J. and Lindow, S. E. 1990. Surface properties and size of the ice nucleation site in ice nucleation active bacteria: theoretical considerations. Cryobiology 27:80-84.
44. Willis, D. K., Hrabak, E. M., Rich, J. J., Barta, T. M., Lindow, S. E., and Panopoulos, N. J. 1990. Isolation and characterization of a Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae mutant deficient in lesion formation on bean. Molec. Plant-Microbe Interactions 3:149-156.
43. Lindow, S. E. 1989. Release and behavior of recombinant bacteria in field studies. J. Iowa Acad. Sci. 96:71-73
42. Lindow, S. E., Panopoulos, N. J., and McFarland, B. L. 1989. Genetic engineering of bacteria from managed and natural habitats. Science 244:1300-1307.
41. Moscow, D., and Lindow, S. E. 1989. Infection of milk thistle (Silybum marianum) leaves by Septoria silybi. Phytopathology 79:1085-1090.
40. O'Brien, R. D. and Lindow, S. E. 1989. Effect of plant species and environmental conditions on epiphytic population sizes of Pseudomonas syringae and other bacteria. Phytopathology 79:619-627.
39. Lindow, S. E., Lahue, E., Govindarajan, A. G., Panopoulos, N. J., and Gies, D. 1989. Localization of ice nucleation activity and the iceC gene product in Pseudomonas syringae and Escherichia coli. Molec. Plant-Microbe Interactions 2:262-272.
38. Lindgren, P. B., Govindarajan, A. G., Frederick, R., Panopoulos, N. J., Staskawicz, B. J., and Lindow, S. E. 1989. An ice nucleation reporter gene system: identification of inducible pathogenicity genes in Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola. EMBO J. 8:1291-1301.
37. Lindow, S. E., Knudsen, G. R., Seidler, R. J., Walter, M. V., Lambou, V. W., Amy, P. S., Schmedding, D., Prince, V., and Hern, S. 1988. Aerial dispersal and epiphytic survival of Pseudomonas syringae during a pre-test for the release of genetically engineered strains into the environment. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 54:1557-1563.
36. Willis, D. K., Hrabak, E. H., Lindow, S. E., and Panopoulos, N. J. 1988. Construction and characterization of Pseudomonas syringae recA mutant strains. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 1:80-86.
35. O'Brien, R. D. and Lindow, S. E. 1988. Effect of plant species and environmental conditions on ice nucleation activity of Pseudomonas syringae on leaves. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 54:2281-2286.
34. Govindarajan, A. G. and Lindow, S. E. 1988. Phospholipid requirements for expression of ice nuclei in Pseudomonas syringae and in vitro. J. Biol. Chem. 263:9333-9338.
33. Govindarajan, A. G. and Lindow, S. E. 1988. Size of bacterial ice nucleation sites measured in situ by gamma radiation inactivation analysis. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 85:1334-1338.
32. Lindow, S. E. 1988. Lack of correlation of antibiosis in antagonism of ice nucleation active bacteria on leaf surfaces by non-ice nucleation active bacteria. Phytopathology 78:444-450.
31. Loper, J. E. and Lindow, S. E. 1987. Lack of evidence for in situ fluorescent pigment production by Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae on bean leaf surface. Phytopathology 77:1449-1454.
30. Kim, H. K., Orser, C., Lindow, S. E., and Sands, D. C. 1987. Xanthomonas campestris pv. translucens strains active in ice nucleation. Plant Disease 71:994-997.
29. Lindow, S. E. 1987. Competitive exclusion of epiphytic bacteria by Ice- mutants of Pseudomonas syringae. Appl. Environ. Microbiol 53:2520-2527.
28. Haefele, D. M. and Lindow, S. E. 1987. Flagellar motility confers epiphytic fitness advantages to Pseudomonas syringae. Appl. Environ. Microbiol.53:2528-2533.
27. Webb, R. R. and Lindow, S. E. 1987. Influence of environment and variation in host susceptibility on a disease of bracken fern caused by Ascochyta pteridis. Phytopathology 77:1144-1147.
26. Hickman, M. J., Orser, C. S., Willis, D. K., Lindow, S. E., and Panopoulos, N. J. 1987. Molecular cloning and biological characterization of the recA gene from Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae. J. Bacteriol. 169:2906-2910.
25. O'Brien, R. D. and Lindow, S. E. 1986. Epiphytic fitness and host preference among ice nucleation active strains of Pseudomonas syringae. Phytopathology 76:1068-1069.
24. Massion, C. L. and Lindow, S. E. 1986. Effect of Sphacelotheca holci infection on morphology and competitiveness of Johnsongrass (Sorghum halapense). Weed Sci. 34:883-888.
23. Cary, J. A. and Lindow, S. E. 1986. The effect of leaf water variables on ice nucleating Pseudomonas syringae in bean. Hort. Sci. 21:1417-1418.
22. Grace, J. K., Kubo, I., and Lindow, S. E. 1986. Measurement of termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) feeding on paper by video image analysis. J. Entomol. Sci. 21:10-15.
21. Lindow, S. E. and Andersen, G. 1986. Microcomputer measurements of pathogen injury to weeds. Weed Sci. 34:38-42.
20. Lindow, S. E. 1985. Control of ice nucleation key to stopping frost damage. Citrograph 70:136-138.
19. Orser, C. S., Staskawicz, B. J., Panopoulos, N. J., Dahlbeck, D., and Lindow, S. E. 1985. Cloning and expression of bacterial ice nucleation genes in Escherichia coli. J. Bacteriol. 164:359-366.
18. Lindow, S. E., Loper, J. E., and Schroth, M. N. 1984. Lack of evidence for in situ fluorescent pigment production by P. s. syringae on leaf surfaces. Phytopathology 74:825-826.
17. Lindow, S. E. and Connell, J. H. 1984. Reduction of frost injury to almond by control of ice nucleation active bacteria. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 109:48-53.
16. Lindow, S. E. 1983. Methods of preventing frost injury caused by epiphytic ice nucleation active bacteria. Plant Disease 67:327-333.
15. Lindow, S. E. and Webb, R. R. 1983. Quantification of foliar plant disease symptoms by microcomputer-digitized video image analysis. Phytopathology 73:520-524.
14. Lindow, S. E. 1983. The importance of bacterial ice nuclei in plant frost injury. Current Topics in Biochemistry and Physiology 2:119-128.
13. Zagory, D., Lindow, S. E., and Parmeter, Jr., J. R. 1983. Toxicity of smoke to epiphytic ice nucleation active bacteria. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 46:114-119.
12. Lindow, S. E. 1983. Estimating disease severity of single plants. Phytopathology 73:1576-1581.
11. Lindow, S. E., Arny, D. C., and Upper, C. D. 1983. Biological control of frost injury II: Establishment and effects of an antagonistic Erwinia herbicola isolate on corn in the field. Phytopathology 73:1102-1106.
10. Lindow, S. E., Arny, D. C., and Upper, C. D. 1983. Biological control of frost injury I: An isolate of Erwinia herbicola antagonistic to ice nucleation-active bacteria. Phytopathology 73:1097-1102.
9. Lindow, S. E. 1982. Measurement of foliar plant diseases using microcomputer-controlled digital video image analysis. Phytopathology 73:520-524.
8. Lindow, S. E., Amy, D. C., and Upper, C. D. 1982. The relationship between ice nucleation frequency of bacteria and frost injury. Plant Physiol. 70:1090-1093.
7. Lindow, S. E., Arny, D. C., and Upper, C. D. 1982. Bacterial ice nucleation: a factor in frost injury to plants. Plant Physiol. 70:1084-1089.
6. Lindow, S. E. 1980. New method of frost control through control of epiphytic ice nucleation active bacteria. Calif. Plant Pathol. 48:1-5.
5. Lindow, S. E. 1980. New method of frost control through control of epiphytic ice nucleation active bacteria. Proc. Ore. Hort. Soc. 71:5-10.
4. Lindow, S. E., Arny, D. C., and Upper, C. D. 1978. Erwinia herbicola: a bacterial ice nucleus active in increasing frost injury to corn. Phytopathology 68:523-527.
3. Lindow, S. E., Arny, D. C., and Upper, C. D. 1978. Distribution of ice nucleation active bacteria on plants in nature. Appl. Envir. Microbiol. 36:831-838.
2. Lester, D. T., Lindow, S. E., and Upper, C. D. 1977. Freezing injury and shoot elongation in balsam fir. Can. J. Forestry Res. 7:584-588.
1. Arny, D. C., Lindow, S. E., and Upper, C. D. 1976. Frost sensitivity of Zea mays increased by application of Pseudomonas syringae. Nature 262:282-284.
Books, book chapters, and reviews
72. Retchless, A.C., Labroussaa, F., Shapiro, L., Stenger, D.C., Lindow, S.E. and Almeida, R.P.P. 2014. Genomic insights into Xylella fastidiosa interactions with plant and insect hosts. In: Genomics of plant-associated bacteria. Ed. Gross, D., Lichens-Park, A. and Kole, C. Springer.
71. Roper, C and Lindow S.E. 2013. Xylella fastidiosa: Insights into the lifestyle of a xylem-limited bacterium. Pp. 307-320, in (N. Wang, J. Jones, G. Sundin, F. Whie, S. Hogenhout, C. Roper, L. De La Fuente, and J.H. Hams, eds.) Virulence mechanisms of plant pathogenic bacteria. APS Press. St. Paul, MN.
70. Lindow, S.E. 2011. Phyllosphere microbiology: Interactions of Pseudomonas syringae with itself and with the plants on which it lives. pp.183-192. In: Wolpert, T., Shiraishi, T., Collmer, A., Akiimitsu, K., and Glazebrook, J. (eds.) Genome-enabled analysis of plant-pathogen interactions. APS Press. St. Paul.
69. Chatterjee, S., R.P.P. Almeida, and S.E. Lindow. 2008. Living in two worlds: The plant and insect lifestyles of Xylella fastidosa. Ann. Rev. Phytopathology 46:243-271.
68. Leveau, J.H.J, Loper, J.E., and Lindow, S.E. 2007. Reporter gene systems useful in evaluating in situ gene expression by soil-and plant-associated bacteria. pp. 734-747. in: C.J. Hurst (ed.) Manual of Environmental Microbiology. 3rd Edition. ASM Press, Washington D.C.
67. Lindow, S.E., B. Quinoñes, and G. Dulla. 2006. Quorum sensing controls epiphytic fitness and virulence in Pseudomonas syringae. Pp. 332-338. in: F. Sanchez, C. Quinto, I.S. Lopez-Lara, and O. Geiger (eds). Biology of Plant-Microbe Interactions, Vol. 5. APS Press, St. Paul, MN.
66. Lindow, S.E. 2006. Phyllosphere microbiology: A perspective. pp. 1-20 in: Microbiology of aerial plant surfaces, M. Bailey, A.K. Lilley, T.M. Timms-Wilson, and P.T.N. Spencer-Phillips (eds.). CABI Press, London.
65. Dulla, G., M. Marco, B. Quiñones, and S.E. Lindow. 2005. A closer look at Pseudomonas syringae as a leaf colonist. ASM News 71:469-475.
64. Lindow, S.E. 2004. Bacterial survival and dissemination in natural environments. pp. 108-110 in: Encyclopedia of plant and crop science. R.M. Goodman, ed. Marcel Dekker, New York.
63. Monier, J.-M. and S.E. Lindow. 2003. Exploring Pseudomonas syringae ecology via direct microscopic observations of the leaf surface. pp. 29-40. in: Pseudomonas syringae and related pathogens: biology and genetic. N.S. Iacobellis, A. Volmer, S.W. Hutcheson, J.W. Mansfield, C.E. Morris, J. Murrilo, N.W. Schaad, D.E. Stead, G. Surico, and M.S. Ullrich (eds.). Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston.
62. Lindow, S.E., and Brandl, M.T. 2003. Microbiology of the phyllosphere. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:1875-1883.
61. Loper, J.E., and Lindow, S.E. 2002. Reporter gene systems useful in evaluating in situ gene expression by soil-and plant-associated bacteria. pp. 627-637. in: C.J. Hurst (ed.) Manual of Environmental Microbiology. 2nd Edition. ASM Press, Washington D.C.
60. Lindow, S.E., Monier, J-.M., and Leveau, J.H.J. 2002. Characterizing the microhabitats of bacteria on leaves. pp. 241-249. in: S.A. Leong, C. Allen, and E.W. Triplett (eds). Biological of Plant-Microbe Interactions, Vol 3. APS Press. St. Paul.
59. Lindow, S.E., Hecht-Poinar, E.I., and Elliott, V.J. 2002. Phyllosphere Microbiology. American Phytopathological Society Press. St. Paul. 395 pp.
58. Leveau, J.H.J., and Lindow, S.E. 2002. Bioreporters in microbial ecology. Current Opinion in Microbiology. 5:259-265.
57. Lindow, S.E., and Leveau, J.H.J. 2002. Phyllosphere microbiology. Current Opinion in Biotechnology 13:238-243.
56. Lindow, S.E. 2001. The role of microbial immigration in disease management by enhancement of plant diversity. pp. 67-76 in T.W. Mew, E. Borromeo, and B. Hardy eds.) Exploiting biodiversity for sustainable pest management. International Rice Research Insititute. Los Banos, Philippines (241 pp.)
55. Lindow, S.E. 2001. Bacterial Ice Nucleation. pp. 79-80 in: Encyclopedia of Plant Pathology. (O.T. Maloy and T.D. Murray, eds.), John Wiley & Sons. New York.
54. Lindow, S.E. The role of microbial ecology in the practice of ecologically based pest management. 2000. pp. 32-36 in Ecologically-based pest management. National Research Council Press. Washington DC.
53. Wilson, M., and S.E. Lindow. 1999. Viable but nonculturable cells in plant-associated bacterial populations. pp. 229-241. In: Nonculturable microorganisms in the environment. R.R. Colwell and D.J. Grimes (eds.). ASM Press, Washington DC.
52. Lindow, S.E., and M. Wilson. 1999. Biological Control of foliar pathogens and pests with bacterial biocontrol agents. pp. 642-650 In: A. Demain, and J. Davies, (eds.) Manual of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology, 2nd Edition. American Society for Microbiology Press, Washington, DC.
51. Beattie, G.A., and S.E. Lindow. 1999. Bacterial colonization of leaves: A spectrum of strategies. Phytopathology 89:353-359.
50. Lindow, S.E. 1997. Molecular genetic approaches to assessing bacterial habitat composition, modification, and interactions on leaves. pp. 487-492. in: (G. Stacey, B. Mullin, and P.M. Gresshoff (eds.). Biology of Plant-Microbe Interactions. International Soc. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, St. Paul.
49. Lindow, S.E. 1997. Environmental release of recombinant microbes: Potential benefits and risks. pp. 39-41. in: Genetisk Modificerede Mikroorganismer. Nordriskgen, Nordisk Ministerrad, Copenhagen.
48. Kinkel, L.L. and S.E. Lindow. 1997. Microbial competition and plant disease biocontrol. pp.128-138 in: Ecological Interactions and Biological Control. D. Andow, D. Ragsdale, and R. Nyvall (eds.) Westview Press, New York.
47. Lindow, S.E. Biological ice nucleation. 1998.pp. 320-328 in: Role of Water in Foods: Applying Fundamental Knowledge to the Design and Production of Foods. D.S. Reid (ed.). Chapman and Hall, New York.
46. Lindow, S.E. 1996. Bacterial ice nucleation as a tool in the study of the determinants of epiphytic fitness in bacterial plant pathogens. pp. 495-510. in: Molecular Biology of Pseudomonads. T. Nakazawa, K. Furukawa, D. Haas, and S. Silver, (eds.). American Society for Microbiology Press. Washington, D.C.
45. Loper, J.E., and S.E. Lindow. 1996. Reporter gene systems useful in evaluating in situ gene expression by soil- and plant-associated bacteria. pp. 482-491. in: C.J. Hurst (ed.) Manual of Environmental Microbiology. American Society for Microbiology Press, Washington, D.C.
44. Lindow, S.E. 1996. Role of immigration and other processes in determining epiphytic bacterial populations: implications for disease management. pp. 155-168. in: Aerial Plant Surface Microbiology. (C.E. Morris, P.C. Nicot, and C. Nguyen-the, eds.) Plenum Publishing Co., New York.
43. Beattie, G.A. and S. E. Lindow. 1995. The secret life of bacterial colonists of leaf surfaces. Ann. Rev. Phytopathology 33: 145-172.
42. Lindow, S.E. 1997. Biological ice nucleation. pp. 320-328 in: Role of Water in Foods: Applying Fundamental Knowledge to the Design and Production of Foods. D.S. Reid (ed.). Chapman and Hall, New York.
41. Beattie, G.A. and Lindow, S. E. 1995. Epiphytic Fitness of phytopathogenic bacteria: physiological adaptations for growth and survival. Pp.1-28. In : J.L. Dangl (ed.) Bacterial Pathogenisis of Plants and Animals: Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
40. Lindow, S. E. 1994. Control of epiphytic ice nucleation active bacteria for management of plant frost injury. Pp. 239-269. In: L. Gusta, G. Warren, and R. Lee (eds.) Biological Ice Nucleation and Its Applications. American Phytopathological Society Press, St. Paul, MN
39. Farrand,. S. K., Wilson, M., Lindow, S. E., and Savka, M. A. 1994. Modulating colonization by plant-associated microbes. Pp. 233-237. In: M.H. Ryder, P.M. Stephens, and G.D. Bowen (eds.) Improving Plant Productivity with Rhizosphere Bacteria. CSIRO - Graphics Services, Adelaide.
38. Lindow, S. E. 1994. Epiphytic fitness determinants in bacteria. Pp. 138-164. In: W. Bills and S. Kung (ed.) Biotechnology and plant protection: bacterial pathogenesis and disease resistance. World Scientific, London.
37. Loper, J, and Lindow, S. E. 1993. Roles of competition and antibiosis in suppression of plant diseases by bacterial biological control agents. Pp. 144-156. In: B. Lumsden and J. L. Vaughn (eds.) Pest Management: Biologically Based Technologies. American Chemical Society, Washington, DC.
36. Lindow, S. E. 1993. Biological control of plant frost injury: The Ice- story. Pp. 113-128. In: L. Kim (ed.) Advanced Engineered Pesticides. Marcel Dekker, Inc. New York.
35. Wilson, M. and Lindow, S. E. 1993. Release of recombinant microorganisms. Ann Rev. Microbiol. 47: 913-944.
34. Lindow, S. E. and Panopoulos, N. J. 1992. Biological control of frost injury to potato using recombinant ice minus mutants of Pseudomonas syringae. Pp. 428-432. In: R. Durbin, G. Surico, and L. Mugnai (eds.). Pseudomonas syringae pathovars. Stamperia Grandducale, Firenze.
33. Lindow, S. E., and Rogers, S. 1992. Copper tolerance of Pseudomonas syringae strains isolated form fruit trees in California. Pp. 306-309. In: R. Durbin, G. Surico, and L. Mugnai (eds). Pseudomonas syringae pathovars. Stamperia Grandducale, Firenze.
32. Lindow, S. E. 1992. Pseudomonas syringae in the laboratory and in the news. Pp. 33-37. In: R. Durbin, G. Surico, and L. Mugnai (eds.) Pseudomonas syringae pathovars. Stamperia Grandducale, Firenze.
31. Lindow, S. E. 1992. Environmental release of pseudomonads: Potential benefits and risks. Pp. 399-407. In: S. Silver (ed.) Pseudomonas Molecular Biology and Biotechnology. Amer. Soc. Microbiol., Washington D.C.
30. Lindow, S. E. 1992. Biological Approaches to Pest Management. Pp 32-67. In: C. Turner (ed.) Beyond Pesticides: Biological Approaches to Pest Management in California. University of California, Oakland, CA.
29. Gurian-Sherman, D. and Lindow, S. E. 1992. Ice nucleation and its application. Current Opinion in Biotechnology 3: 239-243.
28. Lindow, S. E. 1991. Determinants of epiphytic fitness in bacteria. Pp. 295-314. In: S. S. Hirano and J. Andrews (eds.). Microbiology of the Phyllosphere. Springer-Verlag, New York.
27. Lindow, S. E. 1991. Tests of specificity of competition among Pseudomonas syringae strains on plants using recombinant Ice- strains and use of ice nucleation genes as probes of in situ transcriptional activity. Pp. 457-465. In: M. Heinrich (ed.). Molecular Genetics of Plant-Microbe Interactions-1990. .
26. Lindow, S. E., Lindemann, J., and Haefele, D. 1991. Containment, decontamination, and mitigation of recombinant Pseudomonas species in environmental settings, pp. 891-909. In: M. Levin, R. Seidler, and M. Rogul (eds.). Microbial Ecology: Principles, Methods, and Applications to Environmental Biotechnology. McGraw-Hill, New York.
25. Manceau, C., Lindow, S. E., and Panopoulos, N. J. 1990. A non-plasmid-encoded copper resistance in Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae. Pp. 39-41. Proc. 3rd Working Group on Pseudomonas syringae. Lisbon, Portugal.
24. Lindow, S. E. 1990. Environmental use of genetically engineered organisms. Pp. 101-114. In: Advances in Biotechnology, E. Heseltine (ed.) AB Boktryck HBG, Stockholm.
23. Lindow, S. E. 1990. Bacterial ice nucleation measurements. Pp. 428-434. In: Methods in Phytobacteriology. D. Sands, Z Klement, and K. Rudolf (eds.), Akademia Kiado, Budapest.
22. Lindow, S. E. 1990. Practical application of ice nucleation active bacteria. Pp. 535-540. In: Methods in Phytobacteriology. D. Sands, Z. Klement, and K. Rudolf (eds.), Akademia Kiado, Budapest.
21. Lindow, S. E. 1990. Bacteria in agriculture. Pp. 167-169. In: McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology, 1990. McGraw-Hill Pub. Co., NY.
20. Lindow, S. E. 1989. Use of genetically altered bacteria to achieve plant frost control. Pp. 85-110. In: Biotechnology of Plant-Microbe Interactions. J. Nahas and C. Hagedorn (eds.), McGraw-Hill Publishing Co., New York. 348 pp.
19. Kinkel, L. L. and Lindow, S. E. 1989. The role of competitive interactions in bacterial survival and establishment on the leaf surface. Pp. 634-638. In: Recent Advances in Microbial Ecology. T. Hattori et al. (eds.). Japan Scientific Societies Press, Tokyo.
18. Burke, M. J. and Lindow, S. E. 1988. Learning how bacteria abet ice formation. ASM News 54:344.
17. Lindow, S. E. 1988. Construction of isogenic Ice- strains of Pseudomonas syringae for evaluation of specificity of competition on leaf surfaces. Pp. 509-515. In: Microbial Ecology. F. Megusar and M. Gantar (eds.), Slovene Society for Microbiology, Ljuvljana.
16. Lindow, S. E. and Panopoulos, N. J. 1988. Field tests of recombinant Ice- Pseudomonas syringae for biological frost control in potato. Pp. 121-138. In: Proc. First International Conference on Release of Genetically Engineered Microorganisms. M. Sussman, C. H. Collins, and F. A. Skinner (eds.), Academic Press, London.
15. Purcell, A. H. and Lindow, S. E. 1987. Pathogens and Populations. Science 238:221.
14. Lindow, S. E., Gies, D. R., Willis, D. K., and Panopoulos, N. J. 1987. Molecular analysis of the Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae ice gene and construction and testing of Ice- deletion mutants for biological frost control. P. 1030. In: Plant Pathogenic Bacteria, E. Civerolo, A. Collmer, R. Davis and A. Gillaspie (eds.). Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Boston.
13. Suslow, T. V., Lindow, S. E., and Dix, H. 1987. Enhancement of snow production by ice nucleation active bacteria in airwater systems. P. 1028. In: Plant Pathogenic Bacteria. E. Civerolo, A. Collmer, R. Davis and A. Gillaspie (eds.). Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Boston.
12. Lindow, S. E. 1986. In vitro construction of biological control agents. Pp. 185-198. In: Biotechnology and Plant Improvement and Protection. P. Day (ed.), BCPC Monograph No. 34. Brit. Crop Protection Council, Cambridge, England.
11. Windels, C. and Lindow, S. E. 1985. Biological control on the phylloplane. American Phytopathological Society Press, Minneapolis. 169 pp.
10. Lindow, S. E. 1985. Ecology of Pseudomonas syringae relevant to the field use of ice deletion mutants constructed in vitro for plant frost control. Pp. 23-25. In: Engineering organisms in the environment: Scientific issues. Am. Soc. Microbiology, Washington, D.C.
9. Lindow, S. E. 1985. Strategies and practice of biological control of ice nucleation active bacteria on plants. Pp. 293-311. In: Microbiology of the Phyllosphere. N. Fokkema (ed.), Cambridge University Press.
8. Lindow, S. E. 1985. Integrated control and role of antibiosis in biological control of fireblight and frost injury. Pp. 83-115. In: C. Windels and S. E. Lindow (eds.), Biological Control on the Phylloplane. American Phytopathological Society Press, Minneapolis.
7. Lindow, S. E. 1985. Foliar antagonists: status and prospects. Pp. 395-413. In: Biological Control in Agricultural IPM Systems, M. Hoy and D. Herzog (eds.), Academic Press, New York.
6. Orser, C. S., Lotstein, R., Willis, D. K., Papp, J., Panopoulos, N. J., and Lindow, S. E. 1984. Analysis of the Pseudomonas syringae p.v. syringae ice region and construction and testing of site-directed deletion mutants for biological frost control. Proc. Molecular Basis of Plant Disease Conference, Davis.
5. Orser, C. S., Staskawicz, B. J., Loper, J., Panopoulos, N. J., Dahlbeck, D., Lindow, S. E., and Schroth, M. N. 1983. Cloning of genes involved in bacterial ice nucleation and fluorescent pigment/siderophore production. Pp. 353-361. In: A. Puhler (ed.), Molecular Genetics of Bacterial-Plant Interactions. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
4. Lindow, S. E. 1983. The role of bacterial ice nucleation in frost injury to plants. Ann. Rev. Phytopathology 21:363-384.
3. Lindow, S. E. 1982. Epiphytic ice nucleation active bacteria. Pp. 334-362. In: Phytopathogenic Prokaryotes, G. Lacy and M. Mount (eds.), Academic Press, New York.
2. Lindow, S. E. 1982. Population dynamics of epiphytic ice nucleation active bacteria on frost sensitive plants and frost control by means of antagonistic bacteria. Pp. 395-416. In: P. H. Li and A. Sakai (eds.), Plant Cold Hardiness, Academic Press, New York.
1. Lindow, S. E., Arny, D. C., Barchet, W. R. and Upper, C. D. 1978. The role of bacterial ice nuclei in frost injury to sensitive plants. Pp. 249-263. In: P. Li (ed.), Plant Cold Hardiness and Freezing Stress, Academic Press, New York.
Technical publications, symposium proceedings, and patents
45. Buchner, R.P., Gilles, C., Olson, W.H., Adaskaveg, J.E., Lindow, S. E., and Koutsoukis, R. 2014. Walnut blight management using Xanthomonas arboricola pv. juglandis dormant bud population sampling. Acta Hort. 1050:331-338.
44. Lindow, S.E., and K. Newman. Biological control of pathogenicity in microbes that use alpha, beta unsaturated fatty acid signal molecules, US Patent 8,247,648 August 24, 2012.
43. Buchner, R.P., Gilles, C., Olson, W.H., Adaskaveg, J.E., Lindow, S.E., and Koutsoukis, R. 2010. Spray Timing and Materials for Walnut Blight (Xanthomonas campestris pv. juglandis, (Xanthomonas arboricola pv. juglandis) Control in Northern California USA.. Acta Horticulturae 861:457-463.
42. Dulla, G., and S.E. Lindow 2008. Iron-dependent quorum sensing controls epiphytic fitness and virulence in Pseudomonas syringae. In: Lorito, M., Woo, S.V., and Scala, F. (eds.) Proceedings of the 13th International Congress on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions. International Society for Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions. ISBN 978-0-9654625-5-6.
41. Ingels, C.,A., S.E. Lindow, and R. Koutsoukis. 2008. Movement of Erwinia amylovora from fire blight cuttings after chopping. Acta Hortic. 800:899-906.
40. Lindow, S.E., Holtz, B.A., Elkins, R.E. 2008. Improved biological control of fire blight of pear and apple by introduction of antagonistic bacteria to unopened flowers. Acta Horticulturae 793:451-456
39. Dulla, G. and S. E. Lindow. 2008. Iron-dependent quorum sensing controls epiphytic fitness and virulence in Pseudomonas syringae. M. Loretto, S. Woo, and F. Scala (eds). Biology of Plant-Microbe Interactions, Vol. 6. Proceedings of the 13th International Congress on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions. International Society for Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions. ISBN 978-0-9654625-5-6
38. Lindow, S.E., B.A. Holtz, and R.E. Elkins. 2008. Improved biological control of fire blight of pear and apple by introduction of antagonistic bacteria into unopened flowers. Acta. Hort. (in press).
37. Holtz, B.A., Martin-Duvall, T., Adaskaveg, J.E., and Lindow, S.E. 2008. Efficacy of bactericides and biological antagonists for the control of fire blight of apple in the San Joaquin Valley of California. Acta Horticulturae 793:445-450
36. Elkins, R.B., Ingels, C.A., and S.E. Lindow 2005. Control of fire blight by Pseudomonas fluorescens A506 introduced into unopened pear flowers. Acta Hortic. 671:585-594.
35. Lindow, S.E. Walnut Blight. 2002. Pp.63-65 In: B.T. Teviotdale, T.J. Michailides, and J. Pscheidt (eds.) Compendium of nut crop diseases. APS Press. Minneapolis.
34. Holtz, B.A., Hoffman, E.W., Lindow, S.E., and Teviotdale. B.T. 2002. Enhancing flower colonization of Pseudomonas fluorescens strain A506, and the efficacy of Apogee and Serenade, for fire blight control in the San Joaquin Valley of California. Acta Hort. 590:319-324.
33. Buchner, RP., Adaskaveg, J.E., Olson, W.H., and Lindow, S.E. 2001. Walnut blight (Xanthomonas campestris pv. juglandis) control investigations in northern California. Acta. Hort. 544:369-378.
32. Gubler, W.D., S. Lindow, B. Zoller, and R. Duncan. 2000. Pear Diseases. pp. 38-50 in: Pear Production and Handling Manual. University of California Press, Oakland, CA.
31. Olson, W.H., R.P. Buchner, J.E. Adaskaveg, and S.E. Lindow. 1997. Walnut blight control in California. Acata Hortic. 442:361-365.
30. Koike, S.T., T.R. Gordon, and S.E. Lindow. 1996. Crown rot of Eustoma caused by Fusarium avenaceum in California. Plant Disease 80:1429.
29. Clark, E. M., and Lindow, S. E. 1994. A tryptophan aminotransferase gene from an indole-3-acetic acid-producing Erwinia herbicola strain. pp. 177. Proceedings, Seventh International Symposium on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, Edinburgh, Scotland.
28. Beattie, G. and Lindow, S. E. 1994. Epiphytic stress tolerance mutants of Pseudomonas syringae show increased sensitivity to water stress. Pp. 171. Proceedings, Seventh International Symposium on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, Edinburgh, Scotland.
27. Brandl, M., Clark, E. M., and Lindow, S. E. 1994. Characterization, expression and distribution of an indolepyruvate decarboxylase involved in indole-3-acetic acid biosynthesis in an epiphytic Erwinia herbicola strain. Pp. 171. Proceedings, Seventh International Symposium on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, Edinburgh, Scotland.
26. Wilson, M., and Lindow, S. E. 1993. Interactions between the biological control agent Pseudomonas fluorescens A506 and Erwinia amylovora in pear blossoms. Acta Horticulturae 338: 329-330.
25. Lindow, S. E., and Wilson, M. 1993. Population dynamics of Pseudomonas fluorescens strain A506 in pear flowers following inoculation in relation to strategies for biological control of fire blight and frost injury. Acta Horticulturae 338: 331-332.
24. Lindow, S. E. 1993. Integrated control of frost injury, fire blight, and fruit russet of pear with a blossom application of an antagonistic bacterium. Acta Horticulturae 338: 349-350.
23. Sugar, D., Lindow, S. E., Johnson, K. B., and Stockwell, V. O. 1993. Effects of post harvest and bloom applications of phosetyl-Al on fire blight on blossoms and shoots of apple. Acta Horticulturae 338:289-296.
22. Lindow, S. E. 1992. Ice- strains of Pseudomonas syringae introduced to control ice nucleation active bacteria on potato. In: Biological Control of Plant Diseases. E.S. Tjamos (ed.) NATO - ASI Series, Series A: Life Sciences Vol 230, pp. 169-174. Plenum Press, New York.
21. Loper, J. E., Henkels, M. D., and Lindow, S. E. 1992. A biological sensor for iron that is available to pseudomonas fluorescens inhabiting the plant rhizosphere. Pp. 543-547. In: E. Nester (Ed.) Proceedings 5th International Conference on Molecular Plant Microbe Interactions Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands.
20. Loper, J. A., and Lindow, S. E. 1992. A biological sensor for available iron in the rhizosphere. Pp. 177-181. In: Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria- Progress and Prospects. International Union of Biological Sciences, Bulletin SROP.
19. Clark, E. M., Baertlein, D. A., Panopoulos, N. J., and Lindow, S. E. 1992. Molecular biology of ice nucleation: applications to agriculture. Pp. 819-825. In: H. Heslot, J. Davies, J. Florent, L. Bobichon, G. Durand, and L. Penasse, (eds.). 6th International Symposium on Genetics of Industrial Microorganisms - GIM 90. Volume II. Societe Francaise de Microbiologie, Paris.
18. Baertlein, D. A., Clark, E. M., Panopoulos, N. J., and Lindow, S. E. 1991. Biological control of frost injury. Pp. 49-55. In: H. Komada (ed.). Proc. of International Seminar on Biological Control of Plant Diseases and Virus Vectors. Food and Fertilizer Technology Center for the Asian and Pacific Region, Taipei.
17. Clark, E., Baertlein, D., Panopoulos, N. J., and Lindow, S. E. 1991. Molecular biology of ice nucleation: applications to agriculture. Pp. 12-16. In: Proceedings International Biotechnology Symposium., Nagoya.
16. Lindow, S. E. 1990. Design and results of field trials of Ice- recombinant Pseudomonas syringae strains. Pp. 61-29. In: Risk Assessment in Agricultural Biotechnology: Proceedings of the International Conference. J. Marois and J. Bruhning (eds.). University of California, Oakland, CA.
15. Lindow, S. E. Microbial and chemical control of fruit russetting. United States Patent 4,877,438. October 31, 1989.
14. Lindow, S. E. Microorganisms inhibition of frost damage to plant. United States Patent 4,855,230. August 8, 1989.
13. Lindow, S. E. 1988. Genetic engineering technology development: release of engineered organisms into the environment. Pp. 246-250. In: Proc. 22nd Conference Aquatic Plant Control Research Program. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Vicksburg, Mississippi.
12. Orser, C. S., S. E. Lindow, N. J. Panopoulos. Ice nucleation deficient microorganisms by genetic manipulation. United States Patent 476607. August 23, 1988.
11. Raabe, R. D, Lindow, S. E., and Hurlimann, J. H. 1987. Control of powdery mildew of rose using antagonistic bacteria, 1981-1985. Biological and Cultural Tests for Control of Plant Diseases 2:63.
10. Andersen, G. and Lindow, S. E. 1985. Biological control of Carduus pycnocephalus with Alternaria sp. Pp. 593-600. In: Proc. of IV International Symposium, Biological Control of Weeds. Agric. Canada, Vancouver, Canada.
9. Lindow, S. E. 1984. Mechanisms of antagonism toward Pseudomonas syringae by non-ice nucleation active bacteria on leaves. Pp. 74-75. In: Proceedings, 2nd Pseudomonas Working Group. Proc. Hellenic Phytopath. Soc.
8. Orser, C. S., Lotstein, R., Staskawicz, B. J., Dahlbeck, D., Lahue, E., Willis, D. K., Lindow, S. E., and Panopoulos, N. J. 1984. Molecular genetics of bacterial ice nucleation. Pp. 98-100. In: Proc. 2nd Pseudomonas Working Group. Proc. Hellenic Phytopathol. Soc.
7. Lindow, S. E. and D. C. Arny. 1980. Method for reducing temperature at which plants freeze. United States Patent 4161084.
6. Lindow, S. E., Arny, D. C., Barchet, W. R., Baker, L. S., and Upper, C. D. 1978. Protection of beans against frost injury by modification of populations of epiphytic ice nucleation active bacteria. Proc. 3rd Int. Congr. Plant Pathology, p. 75.
5. Lindow, S. E. and D. C. Arny. 1977. A method for the reduction of frost damage to plants. United States Patent 4045910.
4. Andersen, G. and S. E. Lindow. Mycological method for controlling Italian thistle growth. United States Patent 4636386.
3. Orser, C., J. Loper, N. J. Panopoulos, S. E. Lindow and M. Schroth. Fluorescent siderophore genes. United States Patent 4540667.
2. Lindow, S. E. Microorganism inhibition of frost damage to plants. United States Patent 4432160.
1. Orser, S. E., S. E. Lindow, N. J. Panopoulos and B. J. Staskawicz. Ice nucleating microorganisms. United States Patent 4464473.
Invited Presentations 2008-2015:
Plenary speaker, Second International PSA Symposium, Bologna, Italy, June, 2015
Invited speaker, “Phytobiome 2015: Designing a New Paradigm for Crop Improvement”, American Phytopathological Society, Washington DC, June, 2015
Plenary speaker, 10th International Symposium on Phyllosphere Microbiology, Ancona, Switzerland, July, 2015
Plenary speaker, Australasian Plant Pathology Society Conference, 2015, Fremantle, Australia
Plenary speaker, 13th International Conference on Plant Pathogenic Bacteria, Shanghai China, June, 2014
Invited lecture, Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany, July, 2014
Plenary speaker, International Symposium on the European Outbreak of Xylella fastidiosa in Olive, Gallipoli, Italy, October, 2014.
Invited speaker, Pierce’s Disease Research Symposium, California Department of Food and agriculture, Sacramento, California, December, 2014.
Invited speaker, University of California, Cooperative Extension Butte and Tehama County Walnut Day, Red Bluff, California, February, 2014
Invited speaker, University of California, Davis, Pant Sciences Department, February, 2014
Invited speaker, University of Wisconsin, Department of Plant Pathology, Madison Wisconsin, November, 2014
Invited speaker, University of California, Cooperative Extension, Lake County Grape Day, Lakeport, California, November, 2014
Invited lecture, University of California Cooperative extension, Tehama County Walnut day, February, 2013.
Invited lecture, American Academy of microbiology, “Microbes after Hours”, Washington DC, January, 2013.
Invited lecture, Department of Plant Pathology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, February, 2013
Invited lecture, Bayer Crop Sciences, Davis California, June, 2013.
Invited lecture, American Phytopathological society annual meeting, special session on “interactions and mechanisms of symptomless plants and symbioses”, Austin Texas, August, 2013
Invited lecture, International Congress of Plant Pathology, Beijing China, August, 2013
Invited lecture, Northwest Agricultural and Forestry University, Xian, China, August, 2013.
Invited lecture, China Academy of sciences, Sugarbeet Research Institute, Hohhot ,China, August, 2013
Invited lecture, China agricultural University, Beijing, China, August, 2013
Invited lecture, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Department of Plant Pathology, Physiology, and Weed Science, Blacksburg, Virginia, November, 2013
Invited lecture, 32nd New Phytologist symposium on “plant interactions with other organisms: molecules, ecology, and evolution”, Buenos Aires. Argentina November, 2013
Invited lecture, Pierce’s Disease Research Symposium, California Department of Food and Agriculture, Sacramento, California, December, 2013
Invited Lecture - Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China, January, 2012
Invited Lecture - Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, January, 2012
Invited Lecture - Tehama Walnut Day, University of California Cooperative Extension - Red Bluff, CA, February, 2012
Invited Lecture - Cornell University, Department of Plant Pathology, Ithaca, New York, January, 2012
Invited Lecture - Cornell University, New York Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva, New York, January, 2012
Invited Lecture - Department of Plant Pathology - University of California, Davis, February, 2012
Invited Lecture - Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand, April, 2012
Invited speaker - Workshop of European Union 7th framework project BACSIN "Bacterial Abiotic Cellular Stress and Survival Improvement Network", Amsterdam, The Netherlands, April, 2012
Invited Speaker - 28th New Phytologist Symposium “Functions and Ecology of the Plant Microbiome”, Rhoads, Greece, May, 2012
Invited lecture, 4th American Society for Microbiology conference on beneficial microbes. San Antonio Texas, October, 2012.
Invited lecture, the American Academy of microbiology colloquium on “How microbes can help feed the world”, Washington DC, December, 2012.
Invited Plenary Lecture - 2nd International Research Conference on Huanglongbing, Orlando Florida, January, 2011
Invited Lecture - Bacterial Biosurfactants - Energy Biosciences Institute, Microbial Enhanced Hydrocarbon Recovery Workshop, Berkeley, CA, February, 2011
Invited Lecture – Department of Microbiology, University of Illinois, March, 2011
Invited Lecture – Department of Plant Pathology, Kansas State University, March, 2011
Invited Lecture - 28th Annual meeting of Northern California Chapter of the American Society for Microbiology, Pleasanton, CA, March, 2011
Invited Lecture - Center for Produce Safety, Workshop on Microbiological Food Safety, University of California, Davis, March, 2011
Invited lecture - University of California- Merced, Symbiosis Workshop 2011 - Sierra Nevada Research Institute, Wawona, CA, May, 2011
Invited lecture - Workshop on "Quorum sensing in plant associated bacteria", International Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Trieste, Italy, May, 2011
Keynote Address - Annual Meeting of Brazilian Society for Microbiology, Iguazu Falls, Brazil, October, 2011
Invited lecture - 2011 Pierce's Disease Research Symposium, Sacramento, CA, December, 2011
Plenary lecture - Annual Meeting of the Chinese Society for Microbial Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, China, December, 2011
Invited Lecture - Harbin Institute of Technology, Environmental Sciences Program, Harbin, China, December, 2011
Invited Speaker - Sonoma County Grape Day - University of California Cooperative Extension, Santa Rosa, CA, February, 2010
Keynote Address - Centennial Celebration, University of Wisconsin, Plant Pathology Department, June, 2010
Plenary lecture - XVIII Conference of the International Organization of Citrus Virologists, Campinas-SP, Brazil, August, 2010
Plenary Lecture - 9th International Symposium on Phyllosphere Microbiology, Corvallis, Oregon, August, 2010
Invited Lecture, 2010 Pierce's Disease Research Symposium, San Diego, CA, December, 2010
Keynote Address - South African Society for Plant Pathology, Cape Town, South Africa, January, 2009
Invited Lecture - Department of Microbiology - Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa, January, 2009
Invited lecture - University of Pretoria, Forestry and Biotechnology Institute, Pretoria, South Africa, January, 2009
Keynote Address - International Conference on Corn and Sorghum Research, Pattaya, Thailand, May, 2009
Invited presentation - USDA-NRI, Project Directors meeting "Genes to products - agricultural plant, microbe and bio-based product research", Bethesda, Maryland, May, 2009
Invited Lecture - Symposium on "Quorum sensing and biofilm formation in plant-associated bacteria", 2009 Annual Meeting of the American Phytopathological Society, Portland Oregon, June, 2009
Keynote Speaker - 100th Anniversary Symposium and Celebration, Oregon State University, Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Corvallis, OR, October, 2009
Invited Lecture - Midwest Workshop on Analysis of Micorbial Gene Expression, Ames, Iowa. November, 2009
Invited Lecture - 2009 Pierce's Disease Research Symposium, California Department of Food and agriculture, Sacramento, CA, December, 2009
Plenary Lecture - 11th International Symposium on Microbial Ecology - Cairns, Australia, August, 2008
Invited Lecture - Symposium on Human Pathogens on Plants: Research and Policy to Protect Vegetable Crops from Human Pathogens, American Phytopathological Society, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, October, 2008
Invited lecture - US-Japan International Symposium on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, Corvallis, Oregon, October, 2008
Invited Lecture - Department of Plant Pathology, University of California, Davis, November, 2008
Invited Lecture - International Symposium on Biological Control of Bacterial Plant Diseases, Orlando, Florida, November, 2008
Invited Lecture - 2008 Pierce's Disease Research Symposium, California Department of Food and Agriculture, San Diego, CA, December, 2008
Honors and Awards
CNR Teaching Award - College of Natural Resources - 2004
Proctor and Gamble Award in Applied and Environmental Microbiology - American Academy of Microbiology - 2000
Member - National Academy of Sciences - 1999
Fellow - American Academy of Microbiology - 1999
Fellow - American Association for the Advancement of Science - 1999
Hildebrand-Laumeister Chair in Plant Pathology - College of Natural Resources - 1999
Alumnus of the Year - Oregon State University - 1995
Fellow - American Phytopathological Society - 1994
Ruth Allen Award - American Phytopathological Society - 1987
CIBA/GEIGY Award - American Phytopathological Society - 1985
Award for Initiatives in Research - National Academy of Sciences - 1985